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Diamond Formation and History

Diamonds are unprocessed mineral in raw state. History, age, symbolism and dazzling sparkle of diamonds have made them the most valuable and meaningful jewelry.

Each diamond is unique and no diamond is exactly like another. Which had existed since the beginning of time, the purchase of diamonds that nature is a very special gift shopping.

Formation of Diamonds

Diamonds were formed millions of years ago in the earth by the action of extremely high temperatures and high pressure (above 1000° C and about 40,000 bars) on carbon, which probably came from the remains of organic substances. In the later history of the Earth, they passed through volcanic activity to the Earth's surface and remained in the chimneys, the so-called Kimberlite. No two diamonds are the same even if they appear the same by naked eye. You can now also be produced synthetically.

This precious stone is the hardest minerals at all. Diamond has a very high refractive index and high gloss combined with a striking dispersion, which is why it is traditionally cut as a gemstone. Diamonds have a cubic crystal system. They are completely transparent in the pure state. Colored diamonds are caused by inclusions of impurities. When evaluating a diamond 4 criteria play a role. By far, the most common characteristic cut shape of a diamond is BRILLIANT cut. As of 1910, the brilliant-cut shows the fire of diamonds. Its characteristics are at least 32 facets and the table in the top, a circular girdle, and at least 24 facets in the lower part. Only such a cut diamonds may be described as brilliant. Only a quarter of all diamonds is considered as a gemstone.

Diamond mining began 2800 years ago in India. Although many new and modern methods are now available, it is still very difficult to find diamond reserves. Geologists are looking for this most valuable gem of the nature everywhere, from the frozen tundra of Canada and Siberia to the burning deserts of Africa and ocean floor. Elimination of huge amount of soils is required to find out a diamond.

The Diamond Cutting

Diamond cutting which requires imagination, skills, training, and patience is a very delicate and sensible task. In ancient times, diamonds were left uncut. They were set into the depth of mounting by positioning the soft glow only on the surface while remaining the rest in darkness and mysterious. In 14th century, masters began to investigate the complex cutting and polishing techniques required better brilliance. All of these techniques are now well known as well as developed new ones.

Recently, instead of traditional methods of cutting masters, advanced computer technologies are widely used.

Meaning of Diamond

No tool does not cut diamonds and the hottest fire cannot cause even the slightest effect. So, many people believe that diamonds have supernatural properties.

The word comes from the Greek Word "adámas", "the invincible" (because of the surpassing hardness). In the epic "Iliad" by Homer, it is the name of a fighter, but then the subject. In the poem "Theogony", Hesiod uses the word for grey steel of which there is a crescent which is emasculated by the myth of the god Uranus. Plato and Theophrastus used the diamond name by importing from India. The name then went into Latin, in the old meaning of "Steel" by Virgil and Ovid, in scientific writings by Pliny and in the new meaning of "diamond". In the middle Ages, the word has been altered in a folk etymology. With the Greek prefix of "diamagnetic" became "adam antis" (genitive of adamas), probably because of the high purity and transparency of the stone. At the end, name was resulted as "diamas" (accusative: "diamantem") in Latin...

Diamond has been tears of the gods for Greeks, whereas the splinters of stars for the Romans. Indians believe that diamonds keep evil, disease and theft away. In other cultures, this stone was believed to have the power of healing and wisdom. Diamond has become a very desirable stone throughout legends. Ancient kings wore diamonds in war; queens and concubines want to have diamonds as symbols of power and passion.

This unique stone, which is precious and cannot be destroyed, has always been used to symbolize love. Diamond ring as a symbol of devotion and love has spread to all cultures in the world today. No jewelry other than diamond can capture emotions of the great moments of the life and can increases the value of the gift. Wedding anniversary, birthday, Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, Christmas, a celebration in achieving a personal goal or just desire to reward yourself... no matter how or what it is, a special day becomes immortal and memorable by celebrating it with diamond jewelry. Above all, diamond is a piece of eternity.

The History of Diamond

  • First diamond was recorded on 4th millennium BC in India, named as magic stone.
  • Diamonds were popular with the locals on Borneo, the Indonesian island in 600 AD.(Insignificant, but it is the first source outside India)
  • In the 13th century, the processing of diamonds was discovered (rejected in India due to the fear of losing magical powers).
  • The mines were exhausted in 18th century in India and Indonesia. Portuguese have discovered the search of gold and diamonds in Brazil, the first diamonds outside Asia.
  • In 1869 in Kimberly, South Africa, the first diamonds from Parent rock kimberlite have been taken (1 year later, South Africa became main supplier).
  • In 1955, the first diamond was synthesized.
  • In 1961, first diamond was found on the seabed.
  • Today, Australia is the main supplier (Argyle mine).
  • In the future, Canada will play an important role on diamonds.

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